Sri Lanka is an island nation in the Indian Ocean and is located southeast of the Indian subcontinent. The shortest distance between Sri Lanka and India is about 55 kilometers to the north of the island. There, the coral rock islands of the Adams bridge provide a loose connection between the mainland and the island state. The island is from north to south about 455 kilometers long and from east to west about 225 kilometers.
The landscape is dominated by tea estates in the central highlands of up to 2,500 meters high mountains, the fertile lowlands with irrigation systems and tropical rain forests and coastal areas with palm beaches and fishing .
The currency in Sri Lanka is the Sri Lanka Rupee ( LKR) . In larger towns and in the hotels guests can pay almost everywhere with credit cards. In cities , there are ATM machines, where you can withdraw cash with a debit card.
The official languages are Sinhala and Tamil, the languages of the two largest ethnic groups in Sri Lanka. In hotels and tourist areas English is widely spoken.
Five and a half hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+5 ½). Daylight Saving Time is not observed.
The economy of Sri Lanka is based on the harvesting and processing of rubber, the culture of tea, coconuts, rice, spices... Textiles and clothing are two booming industries. The fabrication of cement, refining of crude oil and finally the plantation of tobacco are contributing to the development of the economy.
Almost 21 million people live in Sri Lanka. The island's capital is Colombo, with about 650,000 inhabitants, the seat of government is in Sri Jayewardenepura on the southeast outskirts of Colombo. 74% of the population is Sinhalese, 18% Tamil, 7% Muslim, the rest of the population is of Dutch or Portuguese colonists descendants.
No yellow fever in Sri Lanka. Hepatitis A & B vaccinations are recommended. Depending on the region, a treatment against Malaria is advised. We nevertheless advise you to discuss your trip with your doctor before leaving the country.